Yom Kippur 2013: by whom we have now received the atonement

Yom Kippur: Jewish Year 5774: sunset September 13, 2013 – nightfall September 14, 2013

Significance: Day of Atonement
Observances: Fasting, Prayer and Repentance
Length: 25 Hours
Greeting: Have an easy fast
Jewish Liturgy additions: Annulment of vows; lengthy confession of sins

..In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and you shall not do any work … For on that day he shall provide atonement for you to cleanse you from all your sins before the L-RD. -Leviticus 16:29-30

Exodus 30:10

And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements. Once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations. It is most holy unto the Lord.”

Exodus 30:9-11 (in Context) Exodus 30 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

Exodus 32:30

And it came to pass on the morrow that Moses said unto the people, “Ye have sinned a great sin. And now I will go up unto the Lord. Perhaps I shall make an atonement for your sin.”

Exodus 32:29-31 (in Context) Exodus 32 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

Leviticus 16:34

And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you: to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year.” And he did as the Lord commanded Moses.

Leviticus 16:33-34 (in Context) Leviticus 16 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

Leviticus 23:27

“Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.

Leviticus 23:26-28 (in Context) Leviticus 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

Leviticus 23:28

And ye shall do no work in that same day, for it is a Day of Atonement to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God.

Leviticus 23:27-29 (in Context) Leviticus 23 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

Leviticus 25:9

Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.

Leviticus 25:8-10 (in Context) Leviticus 25 (Whole Chapter) Other Translations

Romans 5

21st Century King James Version (KJ21)

1Therefore, being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,

2 by whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also, knowing that tribulation worketh patience;

4 and patience, experience; and experience, hope;

5 and hope maketh not ashamed, because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost who is given unto us.

6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.

7 For scarcely will one die for a righteous man, yet perhaps for a good man some would even dare to die.

8 But God commendeth His love toward us in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

9 Much more then, being now justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.

10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of His Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.

11 And not only that, but we shall also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

12 Therefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin, so death passed onto all men, for all have sinned.

13 For until the law, sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the similitude of Adam’s transgression, he being the figure of Him that was to come.

15 But not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if through the offense of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one Man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

16 And not as it was by one who sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is for many offenses unto justification.

17 For if by one man’s offense death reigned by one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by One, Jesus Christ.

18 Therefore as by the offense of one, judgment to condemnation came upon all men, even so by the righteousness of One, the free gift unto justification of life came upon all men.

19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous.

20 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound,

21 that, as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

yom kippur walls

Yom Kippur is a complete Sabbath; no work can be performed on that day. It is well-known that you are supposed to refrain from eating and drinking (even water) on Yom Kippur. It is a complete, 25-hour fast beginning before sunset on the evening before Yom Kippur and ending after nightfall on the day of Yom Kippur. The Talmud also specifies additional restrictions that are less well-known: washing and bathing, anointing one’s body (with cosmetics, deodorants, etc.), wearing leather shoes (Orthodox Jews routinely wear canvas sneakers under their dress clothes on Yom Kippur), and engaging in sexual relations are all prohibited on Yom Kippur.

Most of the holiday is spent in the synagogue, in prayer. In Orthodox synagogues, services begin early in the morning (8 or 9 AM) and continue until about 3 PM. People then usually go home for an afternoon nap and return around 5 or 6 PM for the afternoon and evening services, which continue until nightfall. The services end at nightfall, with the blowing of the tekiah gedolah, a long blast on the shofar.

yom kippur recipe

The fast of Yom Kippur is often broken with smoked fish as in this trout salad. This easy dinner, which can be made ahead, is great for any night, holiday or not. Serve it on a bed of greens to dress it up and add a whole-grain bagel to make it a substantial meal.

Ingredients

  • 4 ounces skinned smoked trout fillet, flaked
  • 1/4 cup minced celery
  • 2 tablespoons minced shallot
  • 2 tablespoons low-fat mayonnaise
  • 2 tablespoons reduced-fat sour cream
  • 1 teaspoon minced freshly grated lemon zest
  • 2 tablespoons lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon minced fresh dill, or 1 teaspoon dried
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground pepper
  • 2 cups mixed salad greens
  • 1 plum tomato, sliced

Preparation

Combine trout, celery, shallot, mayonnaise, sour cream, lemon zest, lemon juice, dill and pepper in a medium bowl. Arrange salad greens and tomato on 2 plates and top with the trout salad.