September at the Water Gate: High Holidays questions

water_gateToday we learn a bit more on the high holidays of the Jews in September and October. The watchman was led to read Nehemiah chapter seven on Ezra the teacher reading the Book of the Law of Moses to the Israelites. Yom Kippur -Day of Atonement, and Sep 28-29, 2015 Sukkot -Feast of Tabernacles are forthcoming at the end of this month. Some Israelites and descendants of the Jews will be observing these events. What does it mean and what is the purpose to follow the ‘ancient’ way year after year? Questions are being asked by the younger generations. It is no coincidence that this September the watchman was led to read the last published (English translation) book of Isaac Bashevis Singer*, “Shadows on the Hudson“. Many questions were asked. Although there was no answer offered, it was a good sign to ask questions.

Bible verses from Nehemiah 8

all the people came together as one in the square before the Water Gate. They told Ezra the teacher of the Law to bring out the Book of the Law of Moses, which the Lord had commanded for Israel.

So on the first day of the seventh month Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly, which was made up of men and women and all who were able to understand. He read it aloud from daybreak till noon as he faced the square before the Water Gate in the presence of the men, women and others who could understand. And all the people listened attentively to the Book of the Law.

Ezra the teacher of the Law stood on a high wooden platform built for the occasion. Beside him on his right stood Mattithiah, Shema, Anaiah, Uriah, Hilkiah and Maaseiah; and on his left were Pedaiah, Mishael, Malkijah, Hashum, Hashbaddanah, Zechariah and Meshullam.

Ezra opened the book. All the people could see him because he was standing above them; and as he opened it, the people all stood up. Ezra praised the Lord, the great God; and all the people lifted their hands and responded, “Amen! Amen!” Then they bowed down and worshiped the Lord with their faces to the ground.

The Levites—Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodiah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan and Pelaiah—instructed the people in the Law while the people were standing there. They read from the Book of the Law of God, making it clear[a] and giving the meaning so that the people understood what was being read.

Then Nehemiah the governor, Ezra the priest and teacher of the Law, and the Levites who were instructing the people said to them all, “This day is holy to the Lord your God. Do not mourn or weep.” For all the people had been weeping as they listened to the words of the Law.

10 Nehemiah said, “Go and enjoy choice food and sweet drinks, and send some to those who have nothing prepared. This day is holy to our Lord. Do not grieve, for the joy of the Lord is your strength.”

11 The Levites calmed all the people, saying, “Be still, for this is a holy day. Do not grieve.”

12 Then all the people went away to eat and drink, to send portions of food and to celebrate with great joy, because they now understood the words that had been made known to them.

13 On the second day of the month, the heads of all the families, along with the priests and the Levites, gathered around Ezra the teacher to give attention to the words of the Law. 14 They found written in the Law, which the Lord had commanded through Moses, that the Israelites were to live in temporary shelters during the festival of the seventh month 15 and that they should proclaim this word and spread it throughout their towns and in Jerusalem: “Go out into the hill country and bring back branches from olive and wild olive trees, and from myrtles, palms and shade trees, to make temporary shelters”—as it is written.[b]

16 So the people went out and brought back branches and built themselves temporary shelters on their own roofs, in their courtyards, in the courts of the house of God and in the square by the Water Gate and the one by the Gate of Ephraim. 17 The whole company that had returned from exile built temporary shelters and lived in them. From the days of Joshua son of Nun until that day, the Israelites had not celebrated it like this. And their joy was very great.

18 Day after day, from the first day to the last, Ezra read from the Book of the Law of God. They celebrated the festival for seven days, and on the eighth day, in accordance with the regulation, there was an assembly.

Footnotes:

  1. Nehemiah 8:8 Or God, translating it
  2. Nehemiah 8:15 See Lev. 23:37-40.

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All holidays begin at sundown on the evening before the date specified in the tables below. For example, if the dates for Rosh Hashana were listed as Sep 14-15, then the holiday begins at sundown on Sep 13 and ends at nightfall on Sep 15.

Sep 14-15, 2015  Rosh Hashana -The Jewish New Year first day of the seventh month)

Sep 23, 2015 (begins at sundown on September 22 Yom Kippur -Day of Atonement (tenth day of the seventh month)

Sep 28-29, 2015 Sukkot -Feast of Tabernacles (start on the fifteenth day of the seventh month)
Sep 30-Oct 4, 2015

Oct 5, 2015 Shmini Atzeret -Eighth Day of Assembly

Oct 6, 2015 TuSimchat Torah -Day of Celebrating the Torah

Know the Biblical origin: Refer to the Leviticus chapter 23 “The Appointed Festivals” in the Bible.

*Isaac Bashevis Singer emigrated from Poland to USA in 1935 and worked at the Jewish Daily Forward in New York, which serialized many of his novels in Yiddish. Singer received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1978. He died in 1991.

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