5485. Charis: grace, kindness
Usage: (a) grace, as a gift or blessing brought to man by Jesus Christ, (b) favor, (c) gratitude, thanks, (d) a favor, kindness.
blessing (1), concession (1), credit (3), favor (11), gift (1), grace (122), gracious (2), gracious work (3), gratitude (1), thank (3), thankfulness (2), thanks (6).
Thayer’s Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 5485: χάρις
1. properly, that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech (Ecclesiastes 10:12); Ephesians 4:29 with grace, Colossians 4:6.
2. good-will, loving-kindness, favor: in a broad sense (Luke 2:52); to have favor with one, Acts 2:47; is used of the kindness of a master toward his inferiors or servants, and so especially of God toward men: Luke 1:30; , Acts 7:46; , this wins for us (God’s) favor (is acceptable), 1 Peter 2:19;, 1 Peter 2:20; , to be committed or commended to the protecting and helping favor of God, Acts 14:26; Acts 15:40. The apostles and N. T. writers at the beginning and end of their Epistles crave for their readers the favor (`grace’) of God or of Christ, to which all blessings, especially spiritual, are due: Romans 1:7; Romans 16:20, 24
Moreover, the word χάρις contains the idea of kindness which bestows upon one what he has not deserved: Romans 11:6; the N. T. writers use χάρις pre-eminently of that kindness by which God bestow: favors even upon the ill-deserving, and grants to sinners the pardon of their offences, and bids them accept of eternal salvation through Christ: Romans 3:24; Romans 5:17, 20f; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Galatians 1:15; Galatians 2:21; Ephesians 1:6; Philippians 1:7; Colossians 1:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; 1 Timothy 1:14; 2 Timothy 1:9; Hebrews 2:9 ; Hebrews 10:29; Hebrews 12:15; Hebrews 13:9; 1 Peter 1:10; Jude 1:4; Hebrews 4:16; Titus 2:11; the message of his grace, Acts 14:3; Acts 20:32; Acts 20:24; it is styled ‘the grace of Christ,’ in that through pity for sinful men Christ left his state of blessedness with God in heaven, and voluntarily underwent the hardships and miseries of human life, and by his sufferings and death procured salvation for mankind: (Acts 15:11); 2 Corinthians 8:9; Romans 5:15; Galatians 1:6; (Titus 3:7); John 1:14, 17. χάρις is used of “the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues”: 2 Corinthians 4:15; 2 Corinthians 6:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:12; Acts 18:27; to be subject to the power of grace Galatians 5:4; Acts 13:43, prompted by grace, Colossians 3:16; the grace of God promoting the progress and blessings of the Christian religion, Acts 11:23; prompting its possessors to benefactions, 2 Corinthians 9:14); sustaining and aiding the efforts of the men who labor for the cause of Christ, 1 Corinthians 15:10; 2 Corinthians 1:12; the favor of Christ, assisting and strengthening his followers and ministers to bear their troubles, 2 Corinthians 12:9.
3. what is due to grace;
a. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace, Romans 5:2; , 1 Peter 5:12; 2 Peter 3:18; 2 Timothy 2:1.
b. a token or proof of grace, 2 Corinthians 1:15 ; a gift of grace; benefaction, bounty: used of alms, 1 Corinthians 16:3; 2 Corinthians 8:6f, 19 ; all earthly blessings, wealth, etc., which are due to divine goodness, 2 Corinthians 9:8; the author and giver of benefits of every kind, 1 Peter 5:10. the aid or succor of divine grace 1 Peter 5:5; James 4:6; the salvation offered to Christians is called χάρις, a gift of divine grace, 1 Peter 1:10, 13; of the various blessings of Christ experienced by souls, John 1:16; the gift of grace seen in the reception of life 1 Peter 3:7; capacity and ability due to the grace of God Ephesians 4:7. Acts 6:8 , the aggregate of the extremely diverse powers and gifts granted to Christians, 1 Peter 4:10; used of the power to undertake and administer the apostolic office: Romans 1:5 (i. e., Paul), Romans 12:3, 6; Romans 15:15; 1 Corinthians 3:10; Galatians 2:9; Ephesians 3:2, 7; of the gifts of knowledge and utterance conferred upon Christians, 1 Corinthians 1:4; followed by an infinitive, Ephesians 3:8; of the desire to give alms roused by the grace of God, 2 Corinthians 8:1.
4. thanks (for benefits, services, favors); properly, with thanksgiving, 1 Corinthians 10:30
Romans 11:6 And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work. 5:17 For if by the one man’s offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ. 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.
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